Beginners Kali Linux Tutorial
- Kali Linux is a popular open-source operating system used for ethical hacking, penetration testing, and network security assessments. In this tutorial, we will provide an overview of Kali Linux and some basic commands to get started.
- Kali Linux covers all the areas associated with hacking.
- Kali Linux contains information security task, such as penetration testing, security research, computer forensics and reverse engineering.
- Well start by learning how to install the required software.
What is Kali Linux ?
- Kali Linux is a Debian-based Linux distribution that provides a wide range of tools for penetration testing, forensic analysis, and security auditing. It is designed to be used by security professionals, but it can also be used by individuals who are interested in learning about security and ethical hacking.
- Is funded and maintained by Offensive Security.
- Kali Linux more Library Use and Tool.
- Kali Linux comes with a large number of tools that are well suited to a variety of information security task, including penetration testing, computer forensics, security research, and reverse engineering.
- It is a Debian-derived derived distribution of Linux developed for penetration testing and digital forensics. It is funded and maintained by Offensive Security.
- Kali Linux comes with pre-installed tools such as Metasploit, Nmap, Wireshark, and John the Ripper. These tools are commonly used in penetration testing and security auditing. Kali Linux also supports a wide range of hardware and software, making it a versatile tool for security professionals.
- Kali Linux 1.0 – Released on March 13, 2013, this was the first stable release of Kali Linux. It was based on Debian Wheezy and included over 300 penetration testing tools.
- Kali Linux 1.1 – Released on April 7, 2014, this release included several bug fixes and updates to tools such as Metasploit and Nmap.
- Kali Linux 1.2 – Released on November 22, 2014, this release included a redesigned user interface and new tools such as the Social Engineering Toolkit (SET).
- Kali Linux 2.0 – Released on August 11, 2015, this release was a major update that introduced a new desktop environment (GNOME 3) and support for more hardware platforms.
- Kali Linux 2016.1 – Released on January 21, 2016, this release included updates to tools such as Metasploit and the introduction of a new tool called “NetHunter”.
- Kali Linux 2016.2 – Released on August 31, 2016, this release included several bug fixes and updates to tools such as OpenVAS and the Harvester.
- Kali Linux 2017.1 – Released on April 11, 2017, this release included updates to tools such as Metasploit and the introduction of a new tool called “Windows Subsystem for Linux”.
- Kali Linux 2018.1 – Released on January 16, 2018, this release included updates to tools such as the Social Engineering Toolkit (SET) and the Burp Suite.
- Kali Linux 2019.1 – Released on February 20, 2019, this release included updates to tools such as Metasploit and the introduction of a new tool called “Wireguard”.
- Kali Linux 2020.1 – Released on February 18, 2020, this release included updates to tools such as Metasploit and the introduction of a new tool called “Win-KeX”.
- Kali Linux 2021.1 – Released on February 24, 2021, this release included updates to tools such as Nmap and the introduction of a new tool called “Kali NetHunter App Store”.
Getting Start with Kali Linux
- Download Kali Linux: The first step is to download Kali Linux from the official website. Kali Linux can be downloaded in both 32-bit and 64-bit versions. Once you have downloaded the ISO file, you can create a bootable USB drive using a tool like Rufus or Etcher.
- Boot into Kali Linux: To boot into Kali Linux, insert the bootable USB drive into your computer and restart the computer. During the boot process, you will be prompted to select the boot device. Select the USB drive and press Enter.
- Log in to Kali Linux: Once Kali Linux is booted, you will be prompted to log in. The default username is “root” and the default password is “toor“.
- If we went to Kali’s website www.kali.org we notice a giant banner that states, “Our Most Advanced Penetration Testing Distribution, Ever.” A very bold statement that ironically has yet to be disproven.
- There are over 600 penetration-testing applications preconfigured on Kali Linux for us to explore.
- Information Gathering
- Vulnerability Analysis
- Wireless Attacks
- Web Applications
- Exploitation Tools
- Stress Testing
- Forensics Tools
- Sniffing & Spoofing
- Password Attacks
- Maintaining Access
- Reverse Engineering
- Reporting Tools
- Hardware Hacking
Basic Commands in Kali Linux
- apt-get update: This command updates the package list in Kali Linux.
- apt-get upgrade: This command upgrades all installed packages to their latest version.
- ifconfig: This command displays the network configuration of your computer.
- ping: This command tests the connectivity between your computer and another computer or website.
- nmap: This command is a network exploration tool that can be used to scan networks for open ports and vulnerabilities.
- msfconsole: This command opens the Metasploit console, which is a powerful tool for penetration testing.
- john: This command is a password cracking tool that can be used to crack passwords.
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